Part 1
Part 1
Part 2
Part 2


The sound quality is variable because of the apparent size of the room, the large number of speakers, and noise created by the passing of the microphone or the tape recorder. Very infrequently there is too much noise to hear a speaker or they are too faint, but usually the voices are intelligible.

Audio Note: Part 2 corresponds to Transcript 3.  Although Transcript 2 is complete, the corresponding audio is missing.

Audio courtesy of Yale University.

Jackson State College students

Feb. 12 [1964]
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Jackson State College students
Jackson State College students Bio


Jackson State College, located in Jackson, Mississippi, was founded in 1877. It is now Jackson State University. An estimated 10-15 students are heard in the recording. Some of the students identify themselves by name. Warren identifies them as students of "Jackson College."  On May 15, 1970, Jackson State College was the site of an early morning violent student protest that ended with city and state police officers killing two students and leaving twelve others injured.  This tragedy occurred ten days after a similar incident at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, which received more media attention than the Jackson State College killings.   


Students offer their views regarding African American leadership.  The group discusses the Medgar Evers case, though without mentioning names.  Students discuss how race discrimination is exercised differently in the North and the South, and the relative difficulties of fighting it in each section. One student describes the presumed freedom of the northern African American as a "simulation," and believes that if there were genuine equality in the North, it would spread to the South. Some note the disguised form of discrimination in the North as opposed to the openness of southern discrimination. A statement about equality of education as a civil rights goal leads to some general discussion of education and of teachers' and parents' roles in it. A number of students talk about which civil rights leader they would most like to be, and why. Some students say that they do not feel it is appropriate to choose one leader as a favorite. One student, William Lucky, is quoted in Warren's book, saying "I'd rather just be William Lucky."


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