President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with civil rights leader Roy Wilkins.
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Part 2
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Photo of Wilkins and LBJ:  Library of Congress.

Photo of Wilkins. Original caption: Roy Wilkins, a civil rights leader and director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, sits in a chair in the NAACP office. New York, New York. 1963.  Copyright: Corbis.

Audio Note: Audio on tape 3 cuts off a few paragraphs short, but the transcript is complete.

Audio courtesy of the University of Kentucky.

Roy Wilkins

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Roy Wilkins
Roy Wilkins Bio

Roy Wilkins (1901-1981) was a journalist, editor, and civil rights activist.  Wilkins was born in St. Louis, Missouri.  Wilkins attended the University of Minnesota and graduated with BA in sociology in 1923.  His career as a journalist began with the Minnesota Daily, and later worked for African American newspapers such as the St. Paul Appeal and the Kansas City Call.  In 1934 Wilkins replaced W.E.B DuBois as the editor of The Crisis.  Wilkins helped organize the 1963 March on Washington, participated in the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the March Against Fear in 1966.  Wilkins was a proponent for nonviolence and opposed the militant approach of the “black power” movement.

Image: Original caption: Roy Wilkins, a civil rights leader and director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from, sits in a chair in the NAACP office. New York, New York. 1963.  Copyright: Corbis.

Abstract

Warren begins with an anonymous quotation about integration and the “destruction” of the public school system.  The two discuss the timetable for school integration.  Wilkins argues that what is most important for African American students is the improved quality of the schools.  Wilkins explains the difficulty with integration and how the objective can be achieved.  Wilkins suggests the importance of instilling racial pride and an African American history.  Wilkins discusses W.E.B. DuBois's theory of African American's "double consciousness."   Wilkins and Warren discuss how integration will change the South and southerners, and they consider whether integration will differ by region.  Warren prompts Wilkins to discuss Gunnar Myrdal’s thesis about Reconstruction.

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